Tsinghua University holds the “Belt and Road” Policy and Action Roundtable in Davos, Switzerland




Tsinghua University Global Development Institute in the context of the world's botany and anti-globalization voices, the whole world has turned its attention to China, which is a global flag. It is precisely because of this that China has become the protagonist of the 2017 Davos Forum in Switzerland, and people are expecting China to bring the gospel to the 2017 world economy. In particular, Chinese President Xi Jinping attended the forum and delivered an exciting speech, igniting the lights of hope for the world's lack of recovery, and making China a theme that people at all venues could not circumvent.

In order to actively respond to President Xi Jinping’s initiative during the Davos Forum, he will take practical actions to prepare for the “Belt and Road” Summit held in Beijing in May this year. January 18, 2017, Tsinghua University Global Development Institute, The International Cooperation Center of the United Nations Development and Reform Commission of the Maritime Silk Road Research Center held a round-table conference on “One Belt, One Road” policy and action in Davos, and invited many ministers, experts, scholars and entrepreneurs from countries along the “Belt and Road” to participate.

The “One Belt, One Road” policy is deeply interpreted and proposes future action plans. The meeting was chaired by Yang Bin, Vice President of Tsinghua University and Executive Director of the Institute of Global Development of Tsinghua University. Mr. Qiu Yong, President of Tsinghua University, and Mr. Enggartiasto Lukita, Minister of Trade of Indonesia, gave a keynote speech on the “One Belt and One Road” from the perspective of China and Indonesia. The awareness of the initiative and the introduction of the “One Belt, One Road” approach and experience in their respective countries.

President Qiu Yong’s speech triggered a strong resonance among the Chinese guests at the meeting. Many representatives believed that the Chinese experience not only applies to China, but also has great value for other countries. For example, Mr. Qi Bin, deputy general manager of China Investment Corporation, pointed out that the case of CIC in Azerbaijan shows that the “Belt and Road” is not only beneficial to developing countries, but also provides support and assistance to developed countries. Therefore, CIC will support the development of countries and regions along the Belt and Road, from the perspective of cross-border investment and cross-border M&A, and support and investment in key areas. Mr. Qi Bin pointed out that China's 1.3 billion consumers are a huge market and a sustainable force. CIC is committed to becoming a bridge connecting China and the “Belt and Road” countries and regions.

Compared with Mr. Qi Bin’s investment experience, Academician Wang Hao of the Chinese Academy of Engineering introduced the importance of water resources management in the countries and regions along the “Belt and Road” from a technical perspective, and shared the advanced technology and management experience of China's water management.

According to Academician Wang Hao, at present, the total population under the highest level of water pressure in the world is 2.5 billion, and the land area under the highest level of water pressure is 30%. If there is no revolutionary change, this one has already The grim reality will continue to deteriorate rapidly. China continues to pay attention to water research. At present, China uses a global total of 6% of water and 9% of land to feed 20% of the world's population, and has successfully solved the water problem.

At present, China manages water resources from the eight levels of the omnidirectional perspective, including water security, water supply, water environment, water ecology, water landscape, water culture, water management and water economy. At present, Tsinghua University and Century Xingyuan Group have made subversive technological breakthroughs in the field of water research, greatly improving sewage treatment capacity and reducing sewage treatment costs.

In the future, we will further integrate the new generation of biochemical technology and membrane technology, and promote advanced technology to the “Belt and Road” countries and regions to create benefits for residents along the line. In the view of Academician Wang Hao, the Chinese experience may be an important "prescription" to promote the recovery of the world economy.

The "Chinese experience" proposed by Chinese scholars also aroused positive responses from foreign guests attending the conference. Experts at the meeting expressed that under the background of protectionism, China holds high the banner of global development and cooperation and wins the future of the world economy. To the role of the sea god needle. For example, Indonesian Trade Minister Enggartiasto Lukita believes that the “Belt and Road” strategy is in line with Indonesia’s “Global Maritime Fulcrum” strategy, and believes that the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road” initiative will be linked to the “Global Ocean Pivot”. In a very significant sense, the two countries should strengthen relevant research, propose more specific cooperation strategies, and promote cooperation and win-win between China and Indonesia.

Peter Williamson, professor of international management at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, believes that the “Belt and Road Initiative” is very important in the context of protectionism. The “Belt and Road” initiative covers many countries and regions and is supported by financial organizations such as the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Silk Road Fund. Therefore, Professor Williamson suggested focusing on the core issue from the perspective of how to build a “Belt and Road” ecosystem, namely how to improve the quality of life of residents along the line. At the same time, it is recommended to pay attention to the capacity building (Capacity Building) and the improvement of soft power, and reduce the transaction cost through the improvement of the law. Furthermore, improving leadership development is also critical to the improvement of the Belt and Road Ecosystem.

Young-hoon Kim, co-chairman of the World Energy Council and president of the Dacheng Group of South Korea, highlighted the opportunity to promote the “Belt and Road” cooperation in the energy field and believed that the “Belt and Road” provides a rare opportunity for international energy cooperation. Countries along the “Belt and Road” should strengthen energy cooperation and stimulate the energy potential of the “Belt and Road” to achieve common development services for countries along the route.

Ms. Cherie Nursalim, Vice Chairman of Singapore Jiatong Group, said in her speech that General Secretary Xi Jinping’s speech on supporting globalization has received wide support and recognition. People have seen China as a responsible leader on the world stage. . Taking the cooperation between Jiatong Group and Tsinghua University as an example, she analyzed the achievements of the cooperation under the “One Belt, One Road” strategy and proposed a specific action plan.

Ms. Mari Elka Pangestu, former Minister of Trade and Minister of Tourism and Economy of Indonesia, introduced the connection between Indonesia and China. Infrastructure construction is the basic platform, and energy, food and tourism are the key areas. Indonesia will focus on managing marine resources and work with China to improve the capacity building of the “Belt and Road Initiative” initiative. At the same time, Ms. Mari Elka Pangestu suggested that China can help Indonesia establish railways and build training schools to provide local students with the opportunity to learn from China's advanced experience in railway construction, and to train future talents in railway construction, operation, maintenance and management to achieve sustainable development.

After the official speech, the participating experts also had a lively and free discussion. The guests expressed that the “One Belt, One Road” initiative proposed by China is an important contribution to the world economy. In the context of the weak economic recovery in the world, China has shown a negative Responsible, dare to take on the power of the big country, people of insight around the world should unite and contribute to the common development and cooperation and win-win. At the same time, many guests thought that the discussion held by Tsinghua University allowed everyone to find a consensus and saw hope. It was a good wisdom sharing and exchange of experience. It is suggested that the discussion of “Belt and Road” should be continued in the future. The Belt and Road Initiative helps in deeper areas of cooperation. The schedule of the whole meeting was compact, the atmosphere was warm, the viewpoint was clear, the honesty and friendliness, and the warm applause ended successfully.

The conference was hosted by Tsinghua University and hosted by the Maritime Silk Road Research Center of the Global Development Institute of Tsinghua University. Tsinghua University Global Development Research Institute was established in January 2016. As a new type of think tank, it aims to integrate high-end academic research resources at home and abroad, major issues of global common development, and China's international development overall, strategic and forward-looking. The issue has been studied in depth and efforts have been made to become the top think tank and think tank for serving the party and the country in global peace development, deepening reform and national rejuvenation.

The Maritime Silk Road Research Center was established in September 2016 by the Global Development Research Institute of Tsinghua University and the International Cooperation Center of the National Development and Reform Commission. It was sponsored by Cao Wenlian, director of the International Cooperation Center of the National Development and Reform Commission, and Shenzhen Century Star Source. Different from other think tanks, the center emphasizes the action library.

The center adheres to a high-level, open, strategic, forward-looking academic orientation, and focuses on the policies, laws, economics, and society involved in the common development and construction of countries along the Maritime Silk Road. In-depth study on major issues such as culture, analysis and summary of practical examples in the areas of interconnection, industrial investment, resource development, economic and trade cooperation, financial cooperation, humanities exchange, ecological protection, and maritime cooperation in port cities along the Maritime Silk Road. To promote the common development of countries along the line and the close cooperation and exchanges between the regions in various fields, and gradually build a first-class professional think tank and international exchange center for regional development research along the Maritime Silk Road.

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